family parentage

Thai Law about Parentage

All nations have certain legal guidelines on parentage. In many countries, the problem is always on paternity. The birth mother is always automatically registered because the legitimate parent of the child regardless of her civil status while there are specific situations required in a few countries in terms of paternity.

Provisions of the Thai Parentage law Code spell the different standards corresponding the kid’s legitimacy or illegitimacy and paternity.

On child’s Legitimacy

under section 1536, a legitimate child is defined as one that is born of a married mother inside the duration of marriage or if marriage is terminated, within 310 days after the wedding termination. This also applies to a child born earlier than the marriage has been declared void by the courtroom’s final judgment or within 310 days from final date judgment. In this case, the husband of the married birth mother is presumed and named the valid father of the child.

this is also indicated in section 1560 which states that “the child born in the course of marriage is considered to be valid even if the marriage has been thereafter cancelled.”

some condition for a child’s legitimacy is described in section 1546 – wherein a child born of a woman who is unmarried to the child’s biological father is decided to be the legitimate infant of the single birth mother.

Legitimate Father

but, if the woman is not married to the kid’s biological father and is not named as the legitimate father of the kid. single mothers are denied the presumption of legitimacy for a father via the courts. even if the biological father of the child signs his name as the natural father, Thai parentage law does not allow for him to be named as the legitimate father.

underneath phase 1547, if a child is born to parents who aren’t married to each other, the kid turns into legitimate by using the following marriage of the mother and father or by way of the registration made by using the father on application or by means of court judgment.

If the biological father of a child born to single parents applies for legitimation, the child and the birth mother ought to provide approval to the applicant, as stipulated in section 1548.

Legality of Marriage

The application of legal presumption is affected by the legality of marriage between mother and father. Thai laws only understand marriages that are officially registered in Thailand or in a foreign country as legitimate. If the marriage is recognized by Thai government, the child born inside such marriages is taken into consideration valid. If, however, the marriage is an unregistered religious ceremony and unrecognized in foreign country, the child isn’t decided as legitimate.

If you need a Phuket Lawyer for cases like this or setting up business, handle property and real estate or even immigration cases, don’t hesitate to contact us! We will be glad to review your case and provide solutions!

Kinds of Divorce in Thailand

Depending on where you are located, divorce may be an normal discussion or it could be an uncomfortable situation for discussion. In Thailand, divorce is legally common even though it is an uncomfortable situation. depending at the situations surrounding the petition for divorce, the dissolution of marriage complaints in Thailand may be faster as compared to other nations where divorce proceedings can take out years before a decision is granted. A lot of it has something to do with the understanding of the legal team engaged to address the divorce petition. The process is different from Thai couples and foreign couples or a mix of one Thai and a foreigner.

There are several types of divorce in Thailand:

Uncontested Divorce

This form of divorce is the recommended divorce because it is easy and does no longer require any courtroom intervention. each parties to the marriage are in agreement in finishing the marital union. each parties need to be physically present when they apply for uncontested divorce before the local register.

Contested Divorce

This type of divorce offers one side to the marriage to seeks the court’s assistance in dissolving the marriage situation to the existence of one of the grounds prescribed beneath Thai law. This is a usual an choice taken if one of the spouses does no longer agree to the dissolution of the marriage. The requesting partner, in essence has to prove that the opposite spouse has dedicated one of the grounds for serving divorce. some of the grounds include adultery, if there are disagreements at the custody of children and marital property sharing, if the spouse was abandoned by the other partner for more than a year, and so forth. The court will intervene as important to place an end to the marriage and the problems that go together with the divorce complaints. Contested divorce includes court hearings and can be an luxurious challenge.

There are also difference in each difforce that can be classified by how couples marriage and ethnicity are arranged.

Most of Foreigners end up marrying a Thai national after repeated visits to the country. Such marital unions may additionally last for many years and a few won’t for a number of reasons. Divorce is then necessary to put an end to such union. In most cases, if the wedding happened in Thailand, the Thai national will choose an uncontested divorce as this is the kind of divorce more favored by the Thais. The foreigner must know that this form of divorce may not be recognized in a few nations. it could create potential problems within the future specifically if the foreigner has plans of re-marrying.

If that is the case, then having a family lawyer in Thailand that has years of experience in managing divorce for each Thai and foreign nationals is the greatest option. this will aid in smooth transition of cases in which both parties will not suffer and be aggrieved. if you want help of family legal professional Thailand, you can contact this HWAL law firm.

It is important that foreigners are aware of the different ways divorce procedures are done in Thailand compared to their country of origin to avoid complications once they undergo the painful process of divorce.

If you need a Phuket Lawyer for cases like this or setting up business, handle property and real estate or even immigration cases, don’t hesitate to contact us! We will be glad to review your case and provide solutions!

classification of heir in thailand

Heir Classification in Thailand

Every country has its very own sets of laws on intestacy or intestate succession and inheritance. There are laws govern Thai will or determine for legal heirs within the event that the source of the inheritance passed away without a will. In Thailand, the provisions of the Thai Civil and commercial Code will govern in the event someone died without an executed will to explain how the assets can be disbursed among heirs.

What is the Estate Succession in Thailand?

The entire estate of a deceased man or woman, additionally referred to as a decedent, who has not completed a last will, will be allotted to his or her statutory heirs. The legal guidelines on intestate succession can also apply when the testator made a will but did not eliminate all his or her properties, wherein which the remaining assets which were no longer included inside the will shall additionally be dispensed to the statutory heirs in keeping with Thai laws.

If someone is married, the surviving partner is likewise considered a statutory heir and the percentage of the surviving spouse relies upon on who she/he concurs. If the testator or the decedent left numerous wives who acquired their legal status previous to the effectivity of the Thai Civil and commercial Code, all of the wives shall inherit equally. however, as between the other halves, the number one wife is entitled to one share while the secondary wife can best claim ½ of the percentage to which she is entitled.

Under Thai laws, the statutory heirs of the same class shall be entitled to equal shares. If there is only one surviving parent, the parent receives the entire portion of the allotted asset. If there are three brothers and sisters of full blood, the percentage to which they’re entitled to might be divided into three parts.

The surviving partner shall be entitled to her proportion according with the following:

If the decedent left a spouse and kids, the partner is entitled to 50% of the estate and the children are entitled to the closing 50% which will be similarly allotted among the kids.

If the decedent left his partner and parents, the spouse is entitled to 50% and the parents to the alternative 50%;

If the decedent left his spouse and his brothers and sisters of complete blood, the partner is entitled to 50% and the opposite 50% is going to his brothers and sisters;

If the decedent left his spouse and brothers and sisters of full blood, grandparents, uncles and aunts, then the spouse will inherit 2/3s of the property and the final heirs may be entitled to the opposite 1/3 in order to be divided in same shares among them. The surviving spouse takes the whole estate within the absence of any other statutory heir.

Underneath section 1627 of the Thai Inheritance laws, “an illegitimate child who has been legitimated by his father and an adopted child are deemed to be descendants within the same way as legitimate children in the meaning of this Code.”

There are six classes of statutory heirs in Thailand, and they are entitled to inherit in the following order:

Brothers and sisters of full blood
Brothers and sisters of 1/2 blood
Grandfathers and Grandmothers
Uncles and Aunts
Surviving spouse(s)

If you need a Phuket Lawyer for cases like this or setting up business, handle property and real estate or even immigration cases, don’t hesitate to contact us! We will be glad to review your case and provide solutions!

Getting Married Legally in Thailand for Foreigners

Love transcends all language, distance, even age. Foreigners coming to Thailand and falling in love with a local Thai is not at all that uncommon. There are some legal things that expatriates need to bear in mind when they decide to tie the knot with a local. There could also be some practices that are dictated by local traditions that should also be kept into consideration.

Who’s Eligible for Marriage?
Local laws dictate the following requirements for being eligible to get married, for both parties:

  • They must be at least 17 years of age.
  • They must not have any blood relations or relationships through adoptive parents.
  • Both parties must not be in a married state.
  • For parties with deceased spouses, 310 days must have elapsed since the death of the previous wife or husband.
  • The same waiting period is applicable for parties who had previous marriages that had been terminated.
  • The waiting period can be shortened if there are no children born out of the previous marriage, or if the woman can prove that there was no pregnancy initiated before the termination of marriage or death of the husband.
  • If they wish to marry before the waiting period has lapsed, the woman has to obtain legal permission from the Court to marry.
  • If you meet all of those requirements above, then congratulations!. You and your fiancee can now be married in Thailand.

Documents Required

Before you can marry, you’ll have to accomplish several documentary requirements. Both of you need to affix copies of your identification cards, or a copy of the passport for the foreigner. The expatriate should also furnish an affidavit from his embassy that he has not been in a marriage before or, if such marriage exists, it has been duly terminated by a Court of law at home. These affidavits must be translated into Thai by accredited foreign language translators.

During the marriage ceremony, the couple must have at least two witnesses that will attest that you and your fiancee have professed marriage vows to one another before a duly authorized minister.


In order for the marriage to be valid and recognized under Thai law, the final step in getting married is to get it duly registered with the Register of Thailand. To do this, parties have to accomplish an application form and submit it together with several other documents to the any District Office or Minor District Office in the Kingdom.

Once the consent officer in the Register affixes his or her signature, the marriage is considered binding and legal under the Kingdomís laws.

Since marriage involves a change of name, married ladies should take the steps to change her family name to reflect the change in the marriage registration. She has 60 days to secure a new identification card to represent herself in her new civil status.

Marriage is but a beautiful thing. All the more reason that couples, both locals and Thais, should always take the steps to make their marriage legal, so they can both have full protection of the law.

Want more articles like this? Check our Legal News Blog site.